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International Land UXO Services

“Unrivalled global experience”

RMS UXO provides a comprehensive industry leading range of International Land UXO Risk Mitigation Services covering all aspects of Explosives Remnants of war, (ERW) including from mines, unexploded ordnance, (UXO) improvised explosive device, IED’s) and chemical munitions. Our services range from consultancy through to non-technical, technical survey, geophysical surveys, investigation and clearance.  These services comply with IMAS, national regulations and International best practice providing our clients with the confidence and assurance that they are receiving the best possible advice and services in order to deal with any potential risk from ERW in a safe, efficient and cost-effective manner.



RMS UXO offer consultancy services to clients to join and assist at any point during a project life cycle. Often brought in during the early phase works of a project, RMS UXO’s consultants work alongside our clients to provide detailed planning and add in value for money and time saving expertise, whilst ensuring the safety of all project staff, third parties and their assets.

Project Management

RMS UXO provide project managers to oversee and manage all elements of UXO project delivery. This ensures that the mitigation works comply with the requirements for sign-off/ALARP.

Alongside providing UXO specific project management, RMS UXO can also provide experienced project managers to manage a combination of works phases. This includes UXO packages alongside survey operations, civil engineering works, ground works, environmental packages etc.

UXO Risk Assessment

The Comprehensive UXO Risk Assessment provides a detailed assessment and qualification of any potential risk posed by UXO to your project.

The assessment will provide a UXO risk level for your project not only based upon the historical records including previous land use, (which may have mitigated an element of the UXO risk), but also ground conditions and the proposed on-site works / activity.

There can be a tendency for a specific UXO risk effecting your entire project site that may not be appropriate and could result in unnecessary UXO risk Mitigation activities being conducted across the entire site.

“Providing a balanced assessment of the potential UXO risk”

UXO Risk Mitigation Strategies

Based upon the assessed level of UXO risk a bespoke Risk Mitigation Strategy will be developed for your project to provide the most appropriate and relevant risk mitigation measures to deal with the UXO risk in a safe, effective and cost-efficient manner.

The primary objective of the Risk Mitigation Strategy is to reduce the risk posed by UXO in accordance with the ALARP, (as low as reasonably practical) principle. This ensures that the Client expends only the resources necessary in time, effort and cost to reduce the risk to an acceptable level.

RMS UXO can provide a turnkey solution, providing all services required to mitigate Explosive risk. Or, develop strategies which can be delivered by others under RMS UXO management or QA/QC.

Quality Assurance & Quality Control

RMS UXO has developed a robust QA / QC management system that encompasses all aspects of UXO risk mitigation services and operations.

This provides a framework for the delivery of the complete range of UXO risk mitigation services from planning, resource and equipment allocation, monitoring, reviewing and auditing to ensure that that necessary standards and project delivery objectives are met.

RMS UXO can also provide QC services for projects where the UXO services are being provided by a UXO contractor.

Peer Review

An increasing number of clients are questioning the recommendations given within detailed risk assessments for high value, time consuming UXO mitigation works by UXO contracting companies. This is particularly prevalent by those UXO companies who own and contract heavy intrusive survey assets, therefore blurring the lines of impartiality through conflict of interest within their assessments.

It is also true that those providing recommendations within such reports may not have the necessary competence to offer such advice or recommendations.

RMS UXO offer a peer review service of detailed risk assessment studies, risk mitigation strategies and survey reports by highly qualified and experienced personnel, to review the information and measure the risks given. And to provide independent recommendations which will be signed-off by RMS UXO if followed.

UXO Survey Services

Non-Technical Survey

Non-technical survey is the starting point for the assessment of land, its categorisation as a suspected or confirmed hazardous area (SHA/CHA), and the associated processes of cancelling, reducing or clearing land for productive use.

Effective non-technical survey not only addresses immediate questions about the nature and extent of hazardous areas but provides information to help all subsequent stages of the land release process be more efficient and reliable. The methodology for an NTS will include but not limited to;

  • Analysis of historical records
  • Information gathering
  • Site reconnaissance / assessment
  • Interview local population
  • Assessment of risk / impact

Technical Survey

A Technical survey is an important means of identifying, confirming and improving definitions of the boundaries of hazardous areas and the nature and distribution of the explosive hazard.

Technical survey is an important means of identifying, confirming and improving definitions of the boundaries of hazardous areas and the nature and distribution of the explosive hazard.

  • Sample area survey
  • Mechanical ground preparation
  • Mine detection dogs

Non-Intrusive Geophysical UXO Survey

RMS UXO utilises the latest non-intrusive geophysical survey technology and software to detect and identify potential items of UXO either on the seabed or buried below the surface. With experienced in-house specialists we will specify and deploy the optimum survey systems to suit the specific environment and associated UXO risk.

The data is collected and then analysed by experienced UXO Geophysicist and Senior consultant EOD engineers taking into consideration the survey technology deployed, conditions, source and nature of the designated UXO risk and the proposed work.

Results are provided in the form of a survey report, with a geo-referenced false colour target anomaly map and target list, detailing the quantity, location and estimated depth of the targets identified from the survey.

If required a target investigation strategy will be developed in order to investigate only the targets necessary to reduce the UXO risk in accordance with the ALARP, (as low as reasonably practical) principle.

Area Search and Clear

For areas where a non-intrusive survey is not viable or cost effective two-man UXO Specialist teams can be deployed to conduct a manual Search & Clear operation of the site location with handheld UXO detection equipment.

Providing real time detection of UXO at relatively shallow depths any target identified will be investigated and identified. Recovered UXO will be disposed of in the appropriate way in accordance with RMS UXO standard operating procedures and the local regulatory requirements.

Intrusive Geophysical UXO Survey

If Geophysical non-intrusive survey methods cannot provide clearance to full bomb penetration depth, intrusive survey techniques can also be deployed.

This may include hydraulic push or drilling methods to insert magnetometer probes into the underlying strata to survey columns of ground which will provide clearance from UXO, allowing clients to undertake intrusive works such as piling or drilling in certified cleared locations with confidence.

UXO Drone Survey


Airborne magnetometer survey techniques offer a rapid, safe and accurate way to acquire data suitable for UXO identification in a variety of complex environments:

  • Military training ranges
  • Intertidal zones
  • Large area surveys
  • Shallow water settings

Data Collection

We are able to acquire drone-based magnetometer data at up to 5 m/s, allowing for up to 20 hectares of data to be collected in a single day at 0.5 m sensor spacing. Sensor height above ground/water is maintained using a downward-facing radar altimeter, with pre-planned flight lines flown using cm-accurate RTK GPS.

Surrogate item trials have determined that a 20 kg ferrous item can be detected at up to 7 m range with a 10 nT magnetic anomaly, allowing for data acquisition in up to 4 m of water under typical UXO survey specifications.

Data Analysis

Data is processed using a combination of third-party and in-house software to filter out any magnetic interference from the drone, and also filter out various background signals, to derive a residual total field magnetic anomaly map with approximately 2-3 nT of background noise.

Oasis Montaj is then used to further interrogate the data, including the identification of potential UXO targets.

UXO Risk Mitigation

RMS UXO have established a proven and robust process to design and deliver fit for purpose surveys, optimised using the latest technologies and methodologies to increase the confidence in target identification and classification.

The results of our optimised surveys allow for either full UXO clearance or ALARP certification in a safe, efficient and cost-effective manner.

UXO Clearance Services

Landmine and ERW Clearance

The aim of clearance is the identification and removal or destruction of all mines and Explosive Remnants of War (ERW) hazards, (including unexploded sub-munitions), from a specified area to a specified depth to ensure the land is safe for land users.

Clearance can only be conducted through manual clearance techniques in confirmed hazardous areas following a non-technical and / or technical survey.

Battle Area Clearance (BAC)

Historically, military operational Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD) planning has worked against a prediction of a 10% failure rate from munitions fired. However recent estimates of failed cluster munitions have indicated that failure rates of up to 30% - 50% can be expected.

BAC applications;

  • Former battlefield sites
  • Areas subject to aerial / artillery bombardment
  • Former military sites
  • Former explosive ordnance storage sites
  • Military training sites
  • Historical defensive locations

Note: Excludes any site with a mine threat

Improvised Explosive Device, (IED) Disposal

An IED is a device placed or fabricated in an improvised manner incorporating explosive material, destructive, lethal, noxious, incendiary, pyrotechnic materials or chemicals designed to destroy, disfigure, distract or harass. They may incorporate military stores, but are normally devised from non-military components.

The RMS UXO have extensive experience is developing and implementing IED disposal operations following current best practice and procedures.

Provision of Technical UXO Qualified Personnel

RMS UXO provide qualified UXO technical staff to support ongoing or planned operations. This may be to enhance and support your team or to take on the responsibility for the UXO phase of works.

Deployed personnel have the full support and backup of our operations department.

Capacity Development, Mentoring and Training

In countries with long term mine action needs, the development of an indigenous capacity needs be addressed in order that a sustained programme of mine and ERW clearance can be maintained. Capacity building programmes are conducted through which individuals, organizations and societies obtain, strengthen and maintain the capabilities to set and achieve their own development objectives over time.

The RMS UXO have extensive experience is developing and implementing capacity development, mentoring and training programmes internationally.

On-Call Response

For lower risk project sites an On-Call EOD Service alongside an emergency response plan, (ERP) may be appropriate whereby Senior EOD experts will be able to remotely assist you when a suspect item is uncovered during the project and if required, deploy to the site / vessel / platform to provide direct support and assume control of the incident.

We will be able to identify and/or advise in terms of item confirmation and if necessary, an appropriate course of action to take in the event the discovery of any potential UXO.

ERW Target Investigation

Where a pro-active UXO survey has been conducted, the data will be analysed by experienced UXO Geophysicist and Senior consultant EOD engineers taking into consideration the survey technology deployed, site conditions, source and nature of the designated UXO risk and the proposed work. A target investigation strategy will be developed in order to investigate only the targets necessary to reduce the UXO risk in accordance with the ALARP, (as low as reasonably practical) principle.

Throughout the investigation programme the target investigation strategy will evolve based upon the nature of the targets investigated to ensure that there is a correlation between the survey data and any recovered UXO to ensure that the ALARP principle can be achieved.

Weapons & Ammunitions Stockpile Management

In almost all post-conflict environments, and in many developing countries, a physical risk exists to individuals and communities from the presence of abandoned, damaged or inappropriately stored and managed stockpiles of ammunition and explosives.

RMS UXO can develop and implement comprehensive weapons and ammunition stockpile management programmes that directly addresses the threat posed by ammunition and explosive stockpiles.


RMS UXO have highly experienced project management and EOD specialist teams who are able to design and implement recovery, disposal and clearance operations in hostile, difficult environments.

Utilising industry standard explosive techniques such and high and low order methods we have the capability to dispose of UXO safely and to minimise the risk to the environment and any nearby infrastructure such as cables, pipelines, heritage sites and environmentally sensitive locations.

Reporting & Certification

As Low as Reasonably Practicable (ALARP) Certification

Once the risk mitigation services have been successfully implemented RMS UXO will provide evidence to all project stakeholders that the UXO risk has been mitigated in accordance with the ALARP, (as low as reasonably practicable) principle. This will be provided as a certified report.

The report is a comprehensive document that is geo-referenced to a specific location / area and provides a detailed description of the risk mitigation work undertaken, QA and QC confirmation and the outcome.

The certified report is underwritten by our Professional Indemnity Insurance provider.

Final Reporting & Sign-off

RMS UXO provide project reporting services detailing the execution of works and the results and outcomes. Reports may be based upon contracted works undertaken by RMS UXO. Or, may be produced as a consultant or client representative.

These reports, along with ALARP (As Low As Reasonably Practicable) certificates form the basis of client required sign-off, detailing how the risk has been managed, the geographic boundaries of the works, the nature of mitigation actions taken, the results of the mitigation works and any residual risk that may be remain.